kelp

/kɛlp / (say kelp)

noun
1. any of the large brown seaweeds, as Macrocystis, Sarcophycus or Undaria.
2. the ash of such seaweeds.
{Middle English culp; ultimate origin unknown}
Kelp can grow up to 30 metres high and is the largest, and the fastest growing, of seaweeds. It usually grows in forests on subtidal rocky reefs, anchored by a root-like structure called a holdfast; gas bladders hold each plant upright and help it grow to the surface where the leafy fronds form a dense upper canopy, rather like a rainforest on land. Like rainforests, kelp forests are a highly productive ecosystem, providing shelter and habitat for a large number and wide range of species, including fish, molluscs, crustaceans, worms, starfish and sponges. The upper canopy acts as a nursery for juvenile fishes and, because it is buoyant, provides a resting place for seabirds and seals. Communities of other marine animals, from algae to abalone, live in the dim light among the holdfasts. When kelp dies and decays it provides essential nutrients for many more marine animals; it is also harvested by humans and used in the production of food thickening agents. In Australia, kelp forests are common around the coasts of south-western Victoria, the islands of Bass Strait and Tasmania. They are essential for the maintenance of biodiversity.

Australian English dictionary. 2014.

Synonyms:
, (impure) / (from which barilla is made)


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kelp — (k[e^]lp), n. [Formerly kilpe; of unknown origin.] 1. The calcined ashes of seaweed, formerly much used in the manufacture of glass, now used in the manufacture of iodine. [1913 Webster] 2. (Bot.) Any large blackish seaweed. [1913 Webster] Note:… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • KELP — could refer to:* KELP, the ICAO designation for the El Paso International Airport. *KELP (AM), a radio station (1590 AM) licensed to El Paso, Texas. *KELP FM, a radio station (89.3 FM) licensed to Mesquite, New Mexico. For other uses, see Kelp… …   Wikipedia

  • kelp — /kelp/, n. 1. any large, brown, cold water seaweed of the family Laminariaceae, used as food and in various manufacturing processes. See illus. under stipe. 2. a bed or mass of such seaweeds. 3. the ash of these seaweeds. v.i. 4. to burn these… …   Universalium

  • Kelp — steht für: große Seetange, siehe Kelpwald Asche aus Seetang, siehe Braunalgen#Verwendung Personen: Justus Kelp (1650–1720), deutscher Germanist und Gelehrter Martin Kelp (1659–1694), evangelischer Theologe, Historiker und Pädagoge …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kelp —   [englisch] das, s, Asche von Seetang; verwendet zur Gewinnung von Jod, früher auch zum Düngen der Felder. * * * Kẹlp, das; s [engl. kelp = Name verschiedener Seetangarten]: zur Gewinnung von Jod, früher auch als Dünger verwendete Asche von… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • kelp — n 1) any of various large brown seaweeds (orders Laminariales and Fucales) and esp. laminarias of which some are used for food esp. in China and Japan and as sources of alginates, iodine, and medicinal substances 2) the ashes of seaweed used esp …   Medical dictionary

  • kelp — [kelp] n [U] a type of flat brown ↑seaweed (=a plant that grows in the sea) …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Kelp — das; s <aus gleichbed. engl. kelp> an den europ. u. amerik. Küsten gesammelte od. mit speziellen Schiffen geerntete Braunalgenmasse, aus der u. a. Jod u. Soda hergestellt werden …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • kelp — [ kelp ] noun count a large brown type of SEAWEED (=a plant that grows in the ocean) …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • kelp — kelp; kelp·er; …   English syllables

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